Introduction of B.Sc (Hons) in Forensic Sciences
B.Sc. in Forensic Sciences is a 4- year graduate course which involves the application of scientific knowledge to the investigation of crimes. Professionals in this discipline apply their knowledge of science to analyze the evidence found at a crime scene.
An analysis could involve anything from an object at the crime scene, to soil, blood stains, saliva, body fluids, bones, fingerprints, DNA profiling, recovering data from computers, researching new techniques/ technology etc.
Forensic Sciences includes essential components such as Forensic Pathology, Psychiatry, Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Odontology (Dentistry). It is chiefly laboratory-based science consisting of related elements of Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, Ballistics, the Science of Fingerprinting, Questioned Documents and Impressions.
The discipline involves crime- scene investigation including fire and explosion scenes and drug laboratories. The subject applies scientific knowledge to aid in the administration of justice, and has no boundaries as far as subjects are concerned; it makes use of all faculties of science, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, among others.
Duration : 4- year(8 semester)
- Duration:4 year(8 semester)
Eligibility for B.Sc (Hons) in Forensic Sciences
A person who has secured at least 50% marks ( 45% in case of candidate belonging to Scheduled cast/tribes) of the aggregate marks in four compulsory subjects i.e. Chemistry, Physics, Biology/Math and English taken together of 10+2 pattern or equivalent examination from recognized Board/University shall be eligible to join the first semester of the course OR Intermediate/10+2 with agriculture subjects.
Career Opportunities After B.Sc (Hons) in Forensic Sciences
The scope of forensic science study is vast. You can get jobs in various governments & private sectors. The study will improve your skills and knowledge. After completing your degree, you can open your own forensic practice & forensic service offices. You also may employ in Forensic Laboratories, Detective Offices, Banks and other Govt. and private agencies.
There are endless opportunities in this field because of unlimited crimes in the world is happening. So, the job opportunities in the field of forensic science are also endless. You can get a job in everywhere in India or in overseas.
Different Roles, Different Names
Forensic Pathologists:Forensic pathologists determine the time and cause of death in cases of suspected murder or suicide.
Forensic Anthropologists:Those who have a PhD in Anthropology or medical degree with forensic science can work as forensic anthropologists who help in identification of individuals murdered or killed in disasters i.e. plane crashes, explosions, fires, etc and give testimony to the age, sex, ancestry, stature and unique features of the deceased persons.
Forensic Psychologists:Professionals with a degree in psychology can work as forensic psychologists wherein they assist a court or other fact finders in arriving at a just or correct decision.
Clinical Forensic Medicine Experts:Such professionals possess medical degree and post graduate degree or diploma and work as the examiner of victims of crime and suspects who may have sustained injuries while allegedly committing a crime and reach to specific conclusions pertinent to the crime and timing.
Forensic Serology Experts: These professionals work as analyst and analyze blood groups, blood, and other bodily fluids and do DNA fingerprinting to arrive at a conclusion.
Forensic Serology Experts: Those who have science degree and specialisation in applied or forensic chemistry can work as forensic chemists wherein they help in the detection and identification of illicit drugs, accelerants used in arson cases, explosive and gunshot residues, trace evidence, including paint, glass, polymers and fibers, etc.
Dactyloscopists: The most commonly known work of Dactyloscopists is to study fingerprints received from the scene of crime and link them with suspects..
Forensic linguists: These professionals analyze the content of written or oral communication and identify criminals particularly in cases of kidnapping where they help in zeroing in on the criminal..
Toxicologist: Professionals with qualification in chemistry or biochemistry work in to help police in the detection and identification of pharmaceutical drugs and poisons, toxin levels, etc. in body.
Why to choose B.sc (Hons) in Forensic Sciences
Technical skill can be developed through the curriculum. However, intelligence and aptitude required in solving a crime by viewing it from various angles needs to be developed by the student through practical exposure. Good academic skills with fundamental knowledge of various fields of science is necessary.
The field also demands an eye for detail, strong analytical skills and keen observation. The ability to work with experts from other fields such as Psychology, Social Science and Statistics is a must. Ideal candidates would be comfortable working both indoors and outdoors, besides possessing the following skillsets:
- Good hold on science subjects (especially Biology and Chemistry)
- An enquiring mind
- High degree of accuracy and attention to detail in one’s nature of work
- Observation skills
- Ability to work under pressure for long hours
- Team spirit